the most basic part for your lab report
Laboratory work is made out according to a specific plan. It usually simulates in a simplified form the research that was carried out by real major scientists of previous years in this field. You must adhere to the standard plan in the design of your laboratory work. In fact, this is an imitation of the Protocol of scientific experience or an imitation of a scientific report on the conducted research, and this teaches students to design their future research correctly.
Laboratory training is the main type of training aimed at experimental confirmation of theoretical propositions. During the laboratory session, students perform one or more laboratory work (tasks) under the guidance of a teacher in accordance with the content of the study material.
Laboratory work is aimed at:
– generalization, systematization, and deepening of theoretical knowledge on specific topics of the discipline;
– formation of skills to apply the acquired knowledge in practice;
– development of analytical, design, and constructive skills;
– development of independence, responsibility and creative initiative.
The leading didactic goal of laboratory classes is experimental confirmation and verification of essential theoretical positions, so they are of primary importance when studying the disciplines of mathematical and General natural science, General professional and special cycles.
The main objectives of laboratory classes are:
– to establish and confirm patterns;
– checking formulas and calculation methods;
– establishment of properties, their qualitative and quantitative characteristics;
– introduction to the methods of conducting experiments;
– monitoring the development of phenomena, processes, etc.
During laboratory classes, students develop practical skills and skills in handling various devices, installations, and laboratory equipment, as well as research skills (observe, compare, analyze, establish dependencies, draw conclusions and generalizations, conduct research independently, and formalize results).
For laboratory work of a reproductive nature, the guidelines contain:
– the topic of the lesson;
– purpose of the lesson;
– used equipment, equipment, materials and their characteristics;
– main theoretical provisions;
– how to perform a specific job;
– sample design of the report (tables to fill in; conclusions (without wording));
– security questions;
– educational and special literature.
For laboratory work of a partially searchable nature, the guidelines contain:
– topic of the lesson;
– purpose of the lesson;
– main theoretical positions.
The essence of the educational work is the presentation of information about the subject (object) of research or development that is necessary and sufficient to reveal the essence of this work (description of the theory, methods of work, characteristics and/or properties of the created object, the principles of the object and the main fundamental decisions that give an idea of its structure, metrological support, etc.) and its results.
When presenting the essence of the report, special attention is paid to the novelty in the work, as well as issues of compatibility, interchangeability, reliability, safety, ecology, and resource conservation.
If you need to provide a complete proof (for example, mathematical proof – in works that are not directly related to the field of mathematics) or details of research (development), they are placed in the appendices.
The essence of the work is presented by dividing the material into sections. Sections can be divided into items or subsections and items. Items, if necessary, are divided into sub-items. Each item and sub-item must contain complete information.
If the work needs to provide information about new aspects of the work, interpretation or comment on the results and reasons for making conclusions and recommendations, a separate section or subsections that are debatable, are introduced in the report. Discussion subsections can be included in sections that describe the results of the work.